License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

West Virginia



Highlights

49 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
27th most burdensome licensing laws
17th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

West Virginia is the 17th most broadly and onerously licensed state, licensing 49 of the 102 low- to moderate-income occupations studied. On average, these workers are required to pay $132 in fees, spend 247 days obtaining education or experience and pass two exams before they can become licensed to work in their chosen occupation -- the 27th most burdensome licensing laws. These factors combine to limit opportunities for low-income workers.

West Virginia has above-average barriers to entry in a number of occupations. For example, aspiring auctioneers lose two years to experience requirements and must take three exams, while the average among the 33 licensed states is 100 days lost to experience requirements and only one exam. West Virginia is one of only eight states to require that truck drivers and city/transit bus drivers possess a driver's license for a year or more prior to licensure; the state requires two years for both. It is also one of 20 states with a similar requirement for school bus drivers, and West Virginia's is among the longest at three years. Other states require only tests, fees, a minimum age and in some states a short course or training session for these occupations.

West Virginia could ease burdens on aspiring workers by lowering or removing needless licensing barriers.

(Last updated May 2, 2012)

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher 49 $59 1,825 2 0 18
2 School Bus Driver 51 $146 1,105 8 12 21
3 Security Alarm Installer 34 $100 933 1 0 18
3 Fire Alarm Installer 34 $100 933 1 0 18
5 Midwife 29 $252 730 1 12 0
6 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $119 730 5 0 18
7 Truck Driver 51 $137 730 4 0 18
8 Auctioneer 33 $200 730 3 0 18
9 Veterinary Technologist 37 $280 730 1 0 18
10 Teacher Assistant 29 $45 730 1 12 0
11 Earth Driller 47 $125 730 1 0 16
12 Cosmetologist 51 $185 467 3 12 18
13 Barber 50 $85 467 3 12 18
14 Pest Control Applicator 51 $20 365 2 0 0
14 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $20 365 2 0 0
16 Makeup Artist 36 $159 140 3 12 18
17 Skin Care Specialist 50 $159 140 1 12 18
18 Manicurist 50 $50 93 3 8 0
19 Massage Therapist 39 $225 117 1 0 0
20 Coach (School Sports) 24 $250 2 3 12 0
21 Mobile Home Installer 39 $662 0 1 0 0
22 Crane Operator 18 $240 0 3 0 18
23 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $70 28 2 0 18
24 Security Guard 37 $150 0 0 0 18
25 Gaming Supervisor 23 $100 0 0 0 21
26 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $163 0 2 0 0
26 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $163 0 2 0 0
28 Animal Trainer 20 $25 0 1 0 18
29 Child Care Worker 33 $0 5 0 0 18
30 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Pipelayer Contractor 29 $127 0 1 0 0
30 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Door Repair Contractor 35 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $127 0 1 0 0
30 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $127 0 1 0 0
43 Funeral Attendant 9 $145 1 0 0 0
44 Gaming Cage Worker 22 $100 0 0 0 0
44 Gaming Dealer 24 $100 0 0 0 0
44 Slot Key Person 21 $100 0 0 0 0
47 Milk Sampler 34 $10 0 1 0 0
48 Taxidermist 26 $50 0 0 0 0
49 Animal Breeder 26 $10 0 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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