License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Table 4: Breadth and Burden of Licensure
Occupations Ranked by Number and Average Burden of Licensed Combined

RankOccupationsNumber of States that LicenseAverage FeesAverage Education & Experience (Days)Average ExamsMinimum Grade LevelMinimum Age
Tier 1
1 Preschool Teacher 49 $103 1728 2 0 2
2 Athletic Trainer 46 $443 1460 1 0 3
3 Earth Driller 47 $177 704 1 1 7
4 Cosmetologist 51 $142 372 2 8 13
5 Barber 50 $130 415 2 7 14
6 School Bus Driver 51 $96 293 6 0 19
7 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $250 891 1 0 6
8 Skin Care Specialist 50 $120 149 2 9 14
9 Pest Control Applicator 51 $90 187 2 0 9
10 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $92 86 5 0 19
11 Truck Driver 51 $83 65 4 0 18
12 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $85 33 2 4 17
13 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $83 93 2 0 9
14 Manicurist 50 $91 87 2 6 0
15 Veterinary Technologist 37 $209 710 2 1 5
Tier 2
16 Mobile Home Installer 39 $337 245 1 0 6
17 Security Alarm Installer 34 $213 535 1 1 8
18 Massage Therapist 39 $181 139 1 5 14
19 Fire Alarm Installer 34 $230 486 1 1 5
20 Door Repair Contractor 35 $282 407 1 0 5
21 Midwife 29 $619 700 1 5 7
22 Makeup Artist 36 $116 138 2 9 14
23 Fisher 41 $403 0 0 0 2
24 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 $329 459 1 0 5
25 Security Guard 37 $89 38 0 1 16
26 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $287 500 1 0 4
27 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $286 450 1 0 4
28 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $284 426 1 0 4
29 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $287 491 1 0 4
30 Pipelayer Contractor 29 $301 466 1 0 4
31 Auctioneer 33 $307 100 1 3 12
32 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $292 507 1 0 5
33 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $283 415 1 0 4
34 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $276 403 1 0 4
35 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $277 390 1 0 4
35 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $277 390 1 0 4
37 Child Care Worker 33 $8 37 0 4 16
38 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $285 404 1 0 4
39 Milk Sampler 34 $18 0 1 0 1
40 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 $332 446 1 0 4
41 Teacher Assistant 29 $82 152 1 12 2
42 Optician 22 $184 710 3 10 12
43 Bill Collector Agency 30 $471 24 0 1 3
44 Coach (School Sports) 24 $54 254 0 2 2
Tier 3
45 Animal Breeder 26 $92 0 0 0 1
46 Taxidermist 26 $67 0 0 0 0
47 Gaming Dealer 24 $167 0 0 0 13
48 Weigher 24 $42 0 0 0 8
49 Gaming Supervisor 23 $449 0 0 0 15
50 Gaming Cage Worker 22 $175 0 0 0 14
51 Travel Guide 21 $191 58 1 0 9
52 Slot Key Person 21 $199 0 0 0 14
53 Animal Trainer 20 $93 105 1 0 10
54 Crane Operator 18 $195 221 3 0 17
55 Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester 18 $133 49 1 2 0
56 Cathodic Protection Tester 16 $1,442 99 2 0 1
57 Sign Language Interpreter 16 $772 2 3 5 6
58 Animal Control Officer 17 $116 4 1 0 8
59 Tank Tester 14 $241 162 1 0 3
60 Locksmith 13 $147 92 1 1 10
61 Pharmacy Technician 12 $67 194 0 6 10
62 Bartender 13 $24 1 0 0 20
63 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 11 $261 232 1 0 2
64 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 12 $74 3 1 0 15
65 Landscape Worker 10 $117 334 1 0 0
66 Social and Human Service Assistant 7 $200 1251 1 0 5
67 Painting Contractor (Residential) 10 $283 184 1 0 4
68 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker (Residential) 10 $277 184 1 0 4
69 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 10 $277 184 1 0 4
70 Mason Contractor (Residential) 10 $277 147 1 0 4
71 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 9 $309 245 1 0 4
72 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 9 $282 203 1 0 2
73 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 9 $278 164 1 0 4
74 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 9 $300 123 1 0 4
75 Funeral Attendant 9 $167 2 0 4 6
76 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 8 $309 230 1 0 5
77 Farm Labor Contractor 9 $162 0 0 0 2
78 Interior Designer 4 $364 2190 1 0 0
79 Tree Trimmer 7 $174 369 2 0 8
80 Travel Agent 8 $211 0 0 0 2
81 Sheet Metal Contractor (Residential) 7 $320 209 1 0 3
82 Dental Assistant 7 $50 55 1 2 2
83 Upholsterer 7 $116 0 0 0 0
84 Packager 7 $54 0 0 0 0
85 Title Examiner 6 $269 61 1 0 3
86 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 5 $385 365 1 0 4
Tier 4
87 Shampooer 5 $67 23 1 0 10
88 Cross-connection Survey Inspector 4 $152 463 1 3 5
89 Psychiatric Technician 4 $162 247 1 12 5
90 Court Clerk 4 $12 195 0 3 5
91 Dietetic Technician 3 $30 800 1 0 6
92 Home Entertainment Installer 3 $101 243 2 0 12
93 Log Scaler 2 $25 365 2 0 9
94 Psychiatric Aide 2 $0 228 1 6 0
95 Electrical Helper 2 $58 1 0 0 17
96 Still Machine Setter 2 $42 0 1 0 0
97 Nursery Worker 2 $55 0 0 0 0
98 Conveyor Operator 1 $142 730 1 0 0
99 Pipelayer Non-contractor 1 $195 0 0 0 18
100 Florist 1 $225 0 1 0 0
101 Fire Sprinkler System Tester 1 $220 0 1 0 0
102 Forest Worker 1 $129 0 1 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Return to License to Work main page

Email Address
Please enter a valid email address
Share

Institute for Justice
901 N. Glebe Road, Suite 900
Arlington, VA 22203
Tel 703.682.9320, Fax 703.682.9321
© 1997-2012