License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Table 3: Burdens of Licensure
Occupations Ranked by Average Burden

RankOccupationsNumber of States that LicenseAverage FeesAverage Education & Experience (Days)Average ExamsMinimum Grade LevelMinimum Age
1 Interior Designer 4 $364 2190 1 0 0
2 Preschool Teacher 49 $103 1728 2 0 2
3 Athletic Trainer 46 $443 1460 1 0 3
4 Social and Human Service Assistant 7 $200 1251 1 0 5
5 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $250 891 1 0 6
6 Optician 22 $184 710 3 10 12
7 Midwife 29 $619 700 1 5 7
8 Dietetic Technician 3 $30 800 1 0 6
9 Veterinary Technologist 37 $209 710 2 1 5
10 Earth Driller 47 $177 704 1 1 7
11 Conveyor Operator 1 $142 730 1 0 0
12 Security Alarm Installer 34 $213 535 1 1 8
13 Barber 50 $130 415 2 7 14
14 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $292 507 1 0 5
15 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $287 500 1 0 4
16 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $287 491 1 0 4
17 Cosmetologist 51 $142 372 2 8 13
18 Fire Alarm Installer 34 $230 486 1 1 5
19 Cross-connection Survey Inspector 4 $152 463 1 3 5
20 Pipelayer Contractor 29 $301 466 1 0 4
21 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 $329 459 1 0 5
22 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $286 450 1 0 4
23 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 $332 446 1 0 4
24 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $284 426 1 0 4
25 School Bus Driver 51 $96 293 6 0 19
26 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $283 415 1 0 4
27 Door Repair Contractor 35 $282 407 1 0 5
28 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $285 404 1 0 4
29 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $276 403 1 0 4
30 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $277 390 1 0 4
30 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $277 390 1 0 4
32 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 5 $385 365 1 0 4
33 Tree Trimmer 7 $174 369 2 0 8
34 Log Scaler 2 $25 365 2 0 9
35 Psychiatric Technician 4 $162 247 1 12 5
36 Landscape Worker 10 $117 334 1 0 0
37 Crane Operator 18 $195 221 3 0 17
38 Skin Care Specialist 50 $120 149 2 9 14
39 Home Entertainment Installer 3 $101 243 2 0 12
40 Makeup Artist 36 $116 138 2 9 14
41 Mobile Home Installer 39 $337 245 1 0 6
42 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 9 $309 245 1 0 4
43 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 8 $309 230 1 0 5
44 Teacher Assistant 29 $82 152 1 12 2
45 Psychiatric Aide 2 $0 228 1 6 0
46 Pharmacy Technician 12 $67 194 0 6 10
47 Coach (School Sports) 24 $54 254 0 2 2
48 Cathodic Protection Tester 16 $1,442 99 2 0 1
49 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 11 $261 232 1 0 2
50 Massage Therapist 39 $181 139 1 5 14
51 Sheet Metal Contractor (Residential) 7 $320 209 1 0 3
52 Pest Control Applicator 51 $90 187 2 0 9
53 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 9 $282 203 1 0 2
54 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $92 86 5 0 19
55 Court Clerk 4 $12 195 0 3 5
56 Painting Contractor (Residential) 10 $283 184 1 0 4
57 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker (Residential) 10 $277 184 1 0 4
58 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 10 $277 184 1 0 4
59 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 9 $278 164 1 0 4
60 Auctioneer 33 $307 100 1 3 12
61 Tank Tester 14 $241 162 1 0 3
62 Sign Language Interpreter 16 $772 2 3 5 6
63 Truck Driver 51 $83 65 4 0 18
64 Mason Contractor (Residential) 10 $277 147 1 0 4
65 Manicurist 50 $91 87 2 6 0
66 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 9 $300 123 1 0 4
67 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $85 33 2 4 17
68 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $83 93 2 0 9
69 Locksmith 13 $147 92 1 1 10
70 Animal Trainer 20 $93 105 1 0 10
71 Child Care Worker 33 $8 37 0 4 16
72 Title Examiner 6 $269 61 1 0 3
73 Security Guard 37 $89 38 0 1 16
74 Travel Guide 21 $191 58 1 0 9
75 Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester 18 $133 49 1 2 0
76 Dental Assistant 7 $50 55 1 2 2
77 Gaming Supervisor 23 $449 0 0 0 15
78 Bill Collector Agency 30 $471 24 0 1 3
79 Funeral Attendant 9 $167 2 0 4 6
80 Shampooer 5 $67 23 1 0 10
81 Pipelayer Non-contractor 1 $195 0 0 0 18
82 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 12 $74 3 1 0 15
83 Bartender 13 $24 1 0 0 20
84 Slot Key Person 21 $199 0 0 0 14
85 Gaming Cage Worker 22 $175 0 0 0 14
86 Electrical Helper 2 $58 1 0 0 17
87 Gaming Dealer 24 $167 0 0 0 13
88 Animal Control Officer 17 $116 4 1 0 8
89 Fisher 41 $403 0 0 0 2
90 Florist 1 $225 0 1 0 0
91 Fire Sprinkler System Tester 1 $220 0 1 0 0
92 Weigher 24 $42 0 0 0 8
93 Forest Worker 1 $129 0 1 0 0
94 Travel Agent 8 $211 0 0 0 2
95 Farm Labor Contractor 9 $162 0 0 0 2
96 Still Machine Setter 2 $42 0 1 0 0
97 Milk Sampler 34 $18 0 1 0 1
98 Upholsterer 7 $116 0 0 0 0
99 Animal Breeder 26 $92 0 0 0 1
100 Taxidermist 26 $67 0 0 0 0
101 Nursery Worker 2 $55 0 0 0 0
102 Packager 7 $54 0 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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