License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Table 1: Breadth of Licensure
Number of States that License 102 Lower-income Occupations

OccupationsNumber of States that License
Pest Control Applicator 51
Emergency Medical Technician 51
School Bus Driver 51
Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51
Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51
Truck Driver 51
Cosmetologist 51
Skin Care Specialist 50
Manicurist 50
Barber 50
Preschool Teacher 49
Earth Driller 47
Athletic Trainer 46
Fisher 41
HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40
Massage Therapist 39
Mobile Home Installer 39
Veterinary Technologist 37
Security Guard 37
Makeup Artist 36
Door Repair Contractor 35
Security Alarm Installer 34
Fire Alarm Installer 34
Milk Sampler 34
Child Care Worker 33
Auctioneer 33
Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31
Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30
Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30
Bill Collector Agency 30
Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30
Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29
Midwife 29
Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29
Pipelayer Contractor 29
Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29
Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29
Teacher Assistant 29
Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29
Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28
Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28
Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27
Animal Breeder 26
Taxidermist 26
Gaming Dealer 24
Weigher 24
Coach (School Sports) 24
Gaming Supervisor 23
Optician 22
Gaming Cage Worker 22
Travel Guide 21
Slot Key Person 21
Animal Trainer 20
Crane Operator 18
Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester 18
Animal Control Officer 17
Sign Language Interpreter 16
Cathodic Protection Tester 16
Tank Tester 14
Bartender 13
Locksmith 13
Pharmacy Technician 12
Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 12
Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 11
Insulation Contractor (Residential) 10
Painting Contractor (Residential) 10
Landscape Worker 10
Mason Contractor (Residential) 10
Carpenter/Cabinet Maker (Residential) 10
Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 9
Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 9
Farm Labor Contractor 9
Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 9
Funeral Attendant 9
Glazier Contractor (Residential) 9
Travel Agent 8
Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 8
Dental Assistant 7
Tree Trimmer 7
Upholsterer 7
Social and Human Service Assistant 7
Packager 7
Sheet Metal Contractor (Residential) 7
Title Examiner 6
HVAC Contractor (Residential) 5
Shampooer 5
Psychiatric Technician 4
Interior Designer 4
Cross-connection Survey Inspector 4
Court Clerk 4
Home Entertainment Installer 3
Dietetic Technician 3
Electrical Helper 2
Nursery Worker 2
Log Scaler 2
Psychiatric Aide 2
Still Machine Setter 2
Pipelayer Non-contractor 1
Conveyor Operator 1
Florist 1
Fire Sprinkler System Tester 1
Forest Worker 1

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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Institute for Justice
901 N. Glebe Road, Suite 900
Arlington, VA 22203
Tel 703.682.9320, Fax 703.682.9321
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