License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

New Mexico



Highlights

52 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
12th most burdensome licensing laws
9th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

As the ninth most broadly and onerously licensed state with the 12th most burdensome licensing laws, New Mexico has higher barriers for more occupations than most states. Fifty two of the 102 low- to moderate-income occupations studied are licensed in New Mexico. Their average requirements are $158 in fees, 413 days lost to education and experience and one exam.

New Mexico's most burdensome occupations are in construction. The state requires a two-year apprenticeship to become a general contractor. New Mexico is one among only a third of the licensed states that require any experience to work as a commercial or general contractor in this field. New Mexico also charges between $168 and $318 in fees to be licensed in the construction trades.

The state also has above-average education or experience requirements for other occupations. For example, aspiring pest control applicators and vegetation pesticide handlers lose two years to experience before receiving a license. Thirty two states have no experience requirement for pest control applicators, and 39 states have none for vegetation pesticide handlers. Fire and security alarm installers lose two years to experience, compared to averages of less than a year-and-a half among the 34 states that require licenses.

New Mexico can improve job opportunities in these and other low- to moderate-income occupations by reducing or removing excessive or needless barriers to entry.

(Last updated May 2, 2012)

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher 49 $200 1,825 2 0 0
2 Athletic Trainer 46 $590 1,460 2 0 0
3 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $213 730 2 0 18
3 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $213 730 2 0 18
5 Crane Operator 18 $194 730 2 0 18
6 Earth Driller 47 $50 730 2 0 20
7 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 $318 730 2 0 0
7 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $318 730 2 0 0
7 Door Repair Contractor 35 $318 730 2 0 0
7 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $318 730 2 0 0
7 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 $318 730 2 0 0
12 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $168 730 2 0 0
13 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $249 730 1 0 0
13 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $249 730 1 0 0
13 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $249 730 1 0 0
13 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $249 730 1 0 0
13 Pipelayer Contractor 29 $249 730 1 0 0
13 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $249 730 1 0 0
13 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $249 730 1 0 0
20 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $70 730 2 0 0
20 Pest Control Applicator 51 $70 730 2 0 0
22 Veterinary Technologist 37 $0 730 2 0 0
23 Midwife 29 $100 730 1 0 0
24 Fire Alarm Installer 34 $186 730 0 0 0
24 Security Alarm Installer 34 $186 730 0 0 0
26 Cosmetologist 51 $180 373 3 10 17
27 Barber 50 $125 280 3 10 17
28 Massage Therapist 39 $75 152 2 12 18
29 Skin Care Specialist 50 $50 140 3 10 17
29 Makeup Artist 36 $50 140 3 10 17
31 Animal Trainer 20 $100 180 2 0 18
32 Manicurist 50 $70 82 2 10 0
33 Funeral Attendant 9 $300 1 1 12 0
34 School Bus Driver 51 $33 5 6 0 18
35 Teacher Assistant 29 $48 0 0 12 18
36 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $65 42 2 0 18
37 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $18 0 5 0 18
38 Truck Driver 51 $18 0 4 0 18
39 Coach (School Sports) 24 $45 1 0 12 0
40 Bill Collector Agency 30 $600 0 0 0 0
41 Security Guard 37 $45 1 1 0 18
42 Slot Key Person 21 $75 0 0 0 21
42 Gaming Supervisor 23 $75 0 0 0 21
42 Gaming Dealer 24 $75 0 0 0 21
42 Gaming Cage Worker 22 $75 0 0 0 21
46 Mobile Home Installer 39 $269 0 1 0 0
47 Child Care Worker 33 $0 11 0 0 18
48 Bartender 13 $30 1 0 0 19
49 Weigher 24 $150 0 1 0 0
50 Packager 7 $50 0 0 0 0
51 Fisher 41 $25 0 0 0 0
52 Milk Sampler 34 $0 1 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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