License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

North Carolina



Highlights

48 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
29th most burdensome licensing laws
21st most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

North Carolina is the 21st most broadly and onerously licensed state, placing it in the second tier of states. The state requires a license for 48 of the 102 occupations, with an average barrier of $180 in fees, 250 days lost to education or experience and one exam -- the 29th most burdensome licensing laws. North Carolina's ranking is influenced by the number of occupations licensed as well as some of the more burdensome requirements.

A number of the licenses have higher-than-average barriers. For example, North Carolina requires almost two years to become a barber compared to the national average of just over a year -- 416 days. It takes three years to become a landscape contractor or a fire or security alarm installer, compared to national averages of one-and-a-half years or less. Aspiring pest control applicators lose two years to experience requirements, despite 32 states not requiring experience at all.

It takes just 39 days of training to earn a license as an emergency medical technician in North Carolina, but substantially more to become a licensed manicurist (70 days), massage therapist (117), skin care specialist (140), cosmetologist (350) or barber (722). Occupations like these, where training required does not line up with public safety concerns, make possible targets for reform, as well as occupations that are more difficult to enter in North Carolina than elsewhere.

North Carolina could open more prospects for its low- to moderate-income workers by lowering or eliminating such high and unnecessary barriers to entry in licensed occupations.

(Last updated May 1, 2012)

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher 49 $85 1,825 1 0 18
2 Athletic Trainer 46 $400 1,460 1 0 0
3 Fire Alarm Installer 34 $165 1,095 0 0 18
3 Security Alarm Installer 34 $165 1,095 0 0 18
5 Landscape Worker 10 $75 1,095 2 0 0
6 Optician 22 $250 910 1 12 18
7 Pest Control Applicator 51 $175 730 1 0 18
8 Veterinary Technologist 37 $270 730 2 0 0
9 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $260 730 2 0 0
10 Barber 50 $120 722 3 0 0
11 Earth Driller 47 $250 548 1 0 18
12 Cosmetologist 51 $158 350 2 0 0
13 School Bus Driver 51 $150 184 6 0 18
14 Massage Therapist 39 $170 117 1 12 18
15 Auctioneer 33 $614 19 2 12 18
16 Sign Language Interpreter 16 $923 2 3 0 18
17 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $0 39 2 12 0
18 Makeup Artist 36 $129 140 2 0 0
19 Skin Care Specialist 50 $119 140 2 0 0
20 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $135 0 5 0 18
21 Truck Driver 51 $120 0 4 0 18
22 Crane Operator 18 $165 0 3 0 18
23 Bill Collector Agency 30 $1,000 0 0 0 0
24 Manicurist 50 $10 70 2 0 0
25 Locksmith 13 $338 0 1 0 18
26 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $50 0 1 0 18
27 Security Guard 37 $25 2 0 0 18
28 Weigher 24 $25 0 0 0 18
29 Mobile Home Installer 39 $265 0 1 0 0
30 Child Care Worker 33 $0 4 0 0 16
31 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Door Repair Contractor 35 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Pipelayer Contractor 29 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $135 0 1 0 0
31 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $135 0 1 0 0
43 Fisher 41 $200 0 0 0 0
44 Milk Sampler 34 $5 0 1 0 0
45 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $75 0 0 0 0
45 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $75 0 0 0 0
47 Animal Breeder 26 $50 0 0 0 0
48 Taxidermist 26 $10 0 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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