License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Montana



Highlights

44 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
49th most burdensome licensing laws
35th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Montana ranks as the 35th most broadly and onerously licensed state. Of the 102 lower-income occupations studied, Montana licenses 44, and only two states have less burdensome licensing laws. These laws do impose real burdens on would-be workers, however: on average, $131 in fees, 133 days -- about four months -- lost to education and experience and one exam.

Montana's average burdens appear low largely because 22 of the occupations have no training or exam requirements, only fees and some minimum age or grade requirements. Still, several of Montana's licenses have excessive requirements compared to the other licensed states. Montana is one of only two states to require that school bus drivers possess a driver's license for five years prior to working. Most states have no such requirement; 22 states require a short course or training session instead, while eight states and the District of Columbia require only tests, fees and a minimum age. Aspiring crane operators lose 233 days to experience in Montana, while 12 of the 18 states that license crane operators do not require experience. Athletic trainers are charged $1,050 in fees, more than twice the national average of $443, and the most of all the states.

Montana could assist its workers by reducing or removing fees and other barriers in its licensed low- to moderate-income occupations.

(Last updated May 1, 2012)

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 School Bus Driver 51 $9 1,825 6 0 18
2 Athletic Trainer 46 $1,050 1,460 1 0 0
3 Midwife 29 $1,350 730 1 12 21
4 Cosmetologist 51 $75 467 2 12 18
5 Barber 50 $115 350 2 12 18
6 Earth Driller 47 $300 365 2 0 0
7 Crane Operator 18 $100 233 2 0 18
8 Makeup Artist 36 $60 152 1 12 18
8 Skin Care Specialist 50 $60 152 1 12 18
10 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $100 31 2 12 18
11 Manicurist 50 $45 82 1 12 0
12 Pharmacy Technician 12 $60 0 1 12 18
13 Funeral Attendant 9 $200 0 0 12 18
14 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $9 0 5 0 18
15 Truck Driver 51 $9 0 4 0 18
16 Teacher Assistant 29 $45 0 1 12 0
17 Security Alarm Installer 34 $104 0 1 0 18
17 Fire Alarm Installer 34 $104 0 1 0 18
19 Animal Trainer 20 $50 0 1 0 18
20 Security Guard 37 $57 0 0 0 18
21 Child Care Worker 33 $0 4 0 0 16
22 Fisher 41 $500 0 0 0 0
23 Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester 18 $180 9 1 0 0
24 Pest Control Applicator 51 $55 0 2 0 0
24 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $55 0 2 0 0
26 Milk Sampler 34 $5 0 1 0 0
27 Gaming Dealer 24 $109 0 0 0 0
28 Travel Guide 21 $100 0 0 0 0
29 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Pipelayer Contractor 29 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Door Repair Contractor 35 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $53 0 0 0 0
29 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 $53 0 0 0 0
29 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $53 0 0 0 0
44 Taxidermist 26 $50 0 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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