License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Michigan



Highlights

42 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
21st most burdensome licensing laws
26th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Michigan licenses 42 of the 102 low- and middle-income occupations studied. These laws are relatively burdensome, ranking 21st in the country. Applicants for a license in the 42 occupations can anticipate, on average, paying $198 in fees, losing 256 days to education and experience requirements and taking one exam.

Michigan is the most difficult place in the country to become a security guard. Applicants must obtain three years of education and experience. The 37 other states that license security guards require 11 days or less, with the exception of North Dakota, which requires 241 days. Licensing requirements far exceed national averages for both security alarm installers, who must obtain four years of training, and fire alarm installers, who must obtain three years. National averages for those occupations are 535 days and 486 days, respectively.

Of the 42 licensed occupations, 15 are licensed in fewer than half of the other states. Occupations that are unlicensed or face lower entry barriers elsewhere are candidates for reform. Other possible reform targets include occupations whose burdens appear overly onerous compared to others with a greater connection to public safety. For instance, barbers are required to obtain almost 18 times as much training as emergency medical technicians; cosmetologists must complete as almost 14 times as much training as EMTs. Reducing or eliminating overly burdensome requirements could open job opportunities in Michigan.

(Last updated May 1, 2012)

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher 49 $125 1,825 2 0 0
2 Security Alarm Installer 34 $200 1,460 1 12 25
3 Athletic Trainer 46 $275 1,460 1 0 0
4 Security Guard 37 $200 1,095 0 12 25
5 Fire Alarm Installer 34 $200 1,095 1 0 20
6 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $110 1,095 1 0 0
7 Earth Driller 47 $40 730 2 12 18
8 Veterinary Technologist 37 $235 730 2 0 0
9 Barber 50 $20 467 2 10 17
10 Cosmetologist 51 $40 350 2 9 17
11 Skin Care Specialist 50 $64 93 2 9 17
11 Makeup Artist 36 $64 93 2 9 17
13 Manicurist 50 $39 93 2 9 0
14 Bill Collector Agency 30 $273 0 1 12 18
15 Cathodic Protection Tester 16 $1,500 8 2 0 0
16 School Bus Driver 51 $70 3 6 0 18
17 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $65 0 5 0 18
18 Child Care Worker 33 $0 3 0 12 18
19 Truck Driver 51 $60 0 4 0 18
20 Slot Key Person 21 $750 0 0 0 21
20 Gaming Supervisor 23 $750 0 0 0 21
22 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $110 26 2 0 18
23 Door Repair Contractor 35 $235 14 2 0 18
24 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker (Residential) 10 $235 12 2 0 18
24 Mason Contractor (Residential) 10 $235 12 2 0 18
24 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 8 $235 12 2 0 18
24 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 10 $235 12 2 0 18
24 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 9 $235 12 2 0 18
24 Painting Contractor (Residential) 10 $235 12 2 0 18
30 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 9 $215 12 1 0 18
30 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 9 $215 12 1 0 18
32 Pest Control Applicator 51 $75 0 2 0 18
32 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $75 0 2 0 18
34 Gaming Dealer 24 $200 0 0 0 21
34 Gaming Cage Worker 22 $200 0 0 0 21
36 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 12 $35 0 1 0 16
37 Fisher 41 $200 0 0 0 17
38 Milk Sampler 34 $50 0 1 0 0
39 Animal Control Officer 17 $0 23 0 0 0
40 Mobile Home Installer 39 $150 1 0 0 0
41 Taxidermist 26 $50 0 0 0 0
42 Animal Breeder 26 $18 0 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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