License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Maryland



Highlights

42 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
10th most burdensome licensing laws
14th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Maryland licenses 42 of the 102 low- and medium-income occupations studied and has some of the most burdensome licensing laws in the nation, ranking 10th for burden alone. Job seekers in licensed occupations can expect to pay $198, lose 446 days to education and experience requirements and take one exam, on average.

Onerous burdens for home repair and improvement trades accounts for much of Maryland's poor showing in the rankings. Only 10 or fewer states even license residential contracting work; Maryland requires two years experience to obtain these licenses.

Of the 42 occupations Maryland licenses, 20 are also licensed in fewer than half of the other states. Maryland is one of a very few states that licenses social and human service assistants and tree trimmers, who face training mandates of four years and three years, respectively. Every state licenses pest control applicators and vegetation pesticide handlers. Maryland's laws are among the most onerous, however, requiring prospective licensees to obtain a year's worth of experience compared to national averages of 191 days for pest control applicators and 93 days for vegetation pesticide workers.

Maryland's law restricting entry into massage therapy is the harshest of the 39 states that license the occupation. Aspiring massage therapists must obtain 327 days of education and experience compared to a national average of 139 days.

Maryland could improve job prospects for its residents by reducing or eliminating unnecessary barriers to earning a living.

(Last updated May 1, 2012)

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Earth Driller 47 $350 1,825 1 0 0
2 Preschool Teacher 49 $10 1,825 2 0 0
3 Social and Human Service Assistant 7 $100 1,460 1 0 18
4 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $70 1,095 1 0 18
5 Tree Trimmer 7 $30 1,095 1 0 18
6 Veterinary Technologist 37 $260 730 2 0 0
7 Painting Contractor (Residential) 10 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Mason Contractor (Residential) 10 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 10 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 9 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Door Repair Contractor 35 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 9 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 11 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 9 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 8 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Sheet Metal Contractor (Residential) 7 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker (Residential) 10 $379 730 1 0 0
7 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 9 $379 730 1 0 0
19 Cosmetologist 51 $100 350 2 9 17
20 Massage Therapist 39 $775 327 2 0 18
21 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $75 365 2 0 18
21 Pest Control Applicator 51 $75 365 2 0 18
23 Skin Care Specialist 50 $100 140 2 9 17
24 Barber 50 $60 280 2 0 0
25 Manicurist 50 $100 58 2 9 0
26 School Bus Driver 51 $90 2 6 0 21
27 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $90 0 5 0 18
28 Truck Driver 51 $90 0 4 0 18
29 Crane Operator 18 $165 0 3 0 18
30 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $65 31 2 0 18
31 Security Alarm Installer 34 $150 0 0 0 18
32 Child Care Worker 33 $37 6 0 0 18
33 Bill Collector Agency 30 $400 0 0 0 0
34 Travel Guide 21 $50 0 0 0 16
35 Fisher 41 $300 0 0 0 0
36 Security Guard 37 $52 0 0 0 0
37 Milk Sampler 34 $50 0 0 0 0
37 Upholsterer 7 $50 0 0 0 0
39 Packager 7 $30 0 0 0 0
40 Farm Labor Contractor 9 $25 0 0 0 0
41 Coach (School Sports) 24 $0 2 0 0 0
42 Animal Trainer 20 $5 0 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Return to License to Work main page

Email Address
Please enter a valid email address
Share

Institute for Justice
901 N. Glebe Road, Suite 900
Arlington, VA 22203
Tel 703.682.9320, Fax 703.682.9321
© 1997-2012