License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Louisiana



Highlights

71 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
43rd most burdensome licensing laws
8th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Louisiana licenses more lower-income occupations than any other state -- 71. For that reason, it is in the top tier of most broadly and onerously licensed states, ranking eighth. It imposes less onerous burdens than most states -- on average, $214 in fees, 163 days of education and experience and one exam -- ranking 43rd.

Of the 71 occupations licensed in Louisiana, 29 are licensed in fewer than half of the other states. These occupations could be targets for reform. For example, Louisiana is the only state that licenses florists. Until 2010, aspiring florists had to pass a subjective test judged by other already licensed florists with a vested interest in limiting potential competition. That test was removed, but another test remains. Louisiana is also one of only four jurisdictions that require interior designers to spend six years in school and apprenticing and to pass an exam.

Aspiring workers in 59 of Louisiana's licensed occupations must pass as least one exam. Others face particularly onerous education/ experience requirements. For instance, Louisiana's licensing of pest control workers is the second most burdensome of all the states, requiring workers to obtain four years of education and experience compared to a national average of just over six months. Louisiana is one of only three states that license home entertainment installers. Applicants must obtain two years of education and experience and pass two exams; the other states have no training requirements. Louisiana is also one of only 12 states to license pharmacy technicians. Eight of those states have no training requirements. Aspiring Louisiana pharmacy techs, however, lose 140 days to education and experience requirements.

Like Louisiana's interior design law, many other licensing burdens appear disconnected from health and safety concerns. Barbers and cosmetologists, for example, are required to train for 350 days prior to licensure -- more than eight times the mandated training for emergency medical technicians.

Louisiana could improve its ranking -- and employment opportunities for its residents -- by reducing such overly burdensome requirements and eliminating needless licensing schemes.

(Last updated May 1, 2012)

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Interior Designer 4 $150 2,190 1 0 0
2 Preschool Teacher 49 $50 1,825 1 0 0
3 Athletic Trainer 46 $425 1,460 1 0 18
4 Pest Control Applicator 51 $75 1,460 1 0 0
5 Midwife 29 $450 730 2 12 21
6 Home Entertainment Installer 3 $0 730 2 0 18
7 Earth Driller 47 $110 730 1 0 18
8 Veterinary Technologist 37 $265 730 1 0 0
9 Barber 50 $90 350 1 12 18
10 Cosmetologist 51 $75 350 2 10 16
11 Mobile Home Installer 39 $271 366 1 0 0
12 Skin Care Specialist 50 $75 175 2 10 16
13 Pharmacy Technician 12 $100 140 0 12 18
14 Massage Therapist 39 $175 117 2 12 0
15 Manicurist 50 $75 117 2 10 0
16 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $100 41 2 12 18
17 School Bus Driver 51 $126 9 6 0 21
18 Security Guard 37 $0 2 2 12 18
19 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $121 0 5 0 18
20 Auctioneer 33 $475 19 1 0 18
21 Truck Driver 51 $116 0 4 0 18
22 Makeup Artist 36 $25 9 0 10 16
23 Teacher Assistant 29 $45 0 1 12 0
24 Bill Collector Agency 30 $400 0 0 0 19
25 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $70 0 2 0 18
26 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Mason Contractor (Residential) 10 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 11 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Pipelayer Contractor 29 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 8 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker (Residential) 10 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 9 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 9 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 9 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 9 $340 0 2 0 0
26 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $340 0 2 0 0
46 Gaming Cage Worker 22 $200 0 0 0 21
46 Gaming Supervisor 23 $200 0 0 0 21
46 Gaming Dealer 24 $200 0 0 0 21
46 Slot Key Person 21 $200 0 0 0 21
50 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 5 $340 0 1 0 0
50 Door Repair Contractor 35 $340 0 1 0 0
50 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 10 $340 0 1 0 0
50 Painting Contractor (Residential) 10 $340 0 1 0 0
50 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $340 0 1 0 0
50 Sheet Metal Contractor (Residential) 7 $340 0 1 0 0
50 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $340 0 1 0 0
57 Security Alarm Installer 34 $280 0 1 0 0
58 Fire Alarm Installer 34 $230 0 1 0 0
59 Florist 1 $225 0 1 0 0
60 Bartender 13 $0 1 0 0 18
61 Tree Trimmer 7 $125 0 1 0 0
61 Locksmith 13 $125 0 1 0 0
61 Landscape Worker 10 $125 0 1 0 0
64 Weigher 24 $75 0 1 0 0
65 Shampooer 5 $0 9 1 0 0
66 Milk Sampler 34 $0 0 1 0 0
66 Animal Control Officer 17 $0 0 1 0 0
68 Fisher 41 $55 0 0 0 0
69 Animal Breeder 26 $30 0 0 0 0
70 Animal Trainer 20 $25 0 0 0 0
70 Travel Guide 21 $25 0 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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