License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Arizona



Highlights

64 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
5th most burdensome licensing laws
1st most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Arizona ranks as the most broadly and onerously licensed state for low- and moderate-income workers. It requires a license for 64 out of 102 occupations studied, more than all but Louisiana. Of the occupations licensed in Arizona, 26 are also licensed in fewer than half of the other states. On average, breaking into one of the 64 licensed occupations requires $455 in fees, 599 days lost to education and experience -- or about a year-and-a-half -- and two exams.

Arizona's poor showing in the rankings has much to do with its licensing of construction trades. The state requires a license for nearly every construction trade in this study, while for the same trades, around 20 states require no such license for work on commercial properties and around 40 states require no such license for work on residential properties. Moreover, Arizona makes entry into these trades particularly difficult by requiring four years of apprenticeship for a general/commercial license and two years for a residential license. (Joint licenses are available for those wishing to work in both settings without acquiring two licenses.) Many states that license these trades have no such experience requirement.

The state also imposes above-average education and training requirements on other occupations. Aspiring manicurists lose 140 days to education and training in Arizona, while the national average is 87. Mobile home installers need two years of education and training compared to a national average of 194 days, or almost seven months; meanwhile, 23 states require just three days or fewer. Aspiring opticians lose three years to education and training compared to a national average of about two years. Pharmacy technicians require two years of training in Arizona, as in California and Illinois, but none in eight states with minimal requirements or the other 39 that do not license the occupation.

To improve employment prospects for lower-income workers, Arizona could drastically reduce these burdens -- or even eliminate some entirely.

(Last updated May 1, 2012)

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher 49 $129 1,825 2 0 0
2 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 5 $890 1,460 2 0 0
2 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 9 $890 1,460 2 0 0
4 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $765 1,460 2 0 0
4 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $765 1,460 2 0 0
4 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $765 1,460 2 0 0
4 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 $765 1,460 2 0 0
4 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $765 1,460 2 0 0
4 Door Repair Contractor 35 $765 1,460 2 0 0
4 Pipelayer Contractor 29 $765 1,460 2 0 0
11 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 $751 1,460 2 0 0
12 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 11 $426 1,460 2 0 0
13 Athletic Trainer 46 $610 1,460 1 0 0
14 Optician 22 $200 1,095 3 12 0
15 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $765 1,095 2 0 0
15 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $765 1,095 2 0 0
17 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 8 $833 1,095 1 0 0
18 Earth Driller 47 $80 1,095 2 0 0
19 Midwife 29 $150 730 3 12 18
20 Pharmacy Technician 12 $46 730 0 12 18
21 Painting Contractor (Residential) 10 $890 730 2 0 0
22 Veterinary Technologist 37 $150 730 2 0 18
23 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $765 730 2 0 0
24 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 10 $833 730 1 0 0
24 Sheet Metal Contractor (Residential) 7 $833 730 1 0 0
24 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker (Residential) 10 $833 730 1 0 0
27 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $708 730 1 0 0
27 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $708 730 1 0 0
27 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $708 730 1 0 0
27 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $708 730 1 0 0
31 Mobile Home Installer 39 $679 730 1 0 0
32 Cosmetologist 51 $185 373 2 10 23
33 School Bus Driver 51 $70 370 8 0 18
34 Barber 50 $140 350 2 10 16
35 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $36 365 5 0 18
36 Truck Driver 51 $24 365 4 0 18
37 Tank Tester 14 $150 365 1 0 18
38 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 9 $833 365 1 0 0
38 Mason Contractor (Residential) 10 $833 365 1 0 0
38 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 9 $833 365 1 0 0
41 Skin Care Specialist 50 $185 140 2 10 23
41 Makeup Artist 36 $185 140 2 10 23
43 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $70 53 2 12 18
44 Massage Therapist 39 $189 163 1 0 18
45 Sign Language Interpreter 16 $785 2 3 12 0
46 Manicurist 50 $140 140 2 0 0
47 Teacher Assistant 29 $45 0 1 12 0
48 Bill Collector Agency 30 $1,524 0 0 0 0
49 Coach (School Sports) 24 $0 100 0 0 0
50 Slot Key Person 21 $250 0 0 0 18
50 Gaming Dealer 24 $250 0 0 0 18
50 Gaming Cage Worker 22 $250 0 0 0 18
50 Gaming Supervisor 23 $250 0 0 0 18
54 Security Guard 37 $74 1 0 0 18
55 Fire Alarm Installer 34 $645 0 0 0 0
56 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $54 1 2 0 0
56 Pest Control Applicator 51 $54 1 2 0 0
58 Travel Guide 21 $300 0 1 0 0
59 Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester 18 $180 9 1 0 0
60 Security Alarm Installer 34 $320 0 0 0 0
61 Funeral Attendant 9 $194 0 0 0 0
62 Packager 7 $150 0 0 0 0
62 Taxidermist 26 $150 0 0 0 0
64 Animal Breeder 26 $75 0 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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