License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Alabama



Highlights

47 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
38th most burdensome licensing laws
24th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Alabama licenses 47 of the occupations studied, and its laws are the 38th most burdensome. On average, Alabama's barriers to entry into low- and medium-income occupations are $319 in fees, two exams and 182 days of education and experience. It ranks as the 24th most broadly and onerously licensed state, putting it in the middle of the states.

However, Alabama licenses several occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. For example, few other states join Alabama in licensing tree trimmers (only six other states), shampooers (four), bartenders (12) or locksmiths (12). Alabama is one of only 16 states that licenses cathodic protection testers (those who inspect certain systems designed to protect buried or submerged metal piping and tanks) and sign language interpreters. Both of these occupations have multiple exams and high fees ($1,500 and $695, respectively).

Alabama also imposes more onerous requirements than other states for some occupations. Driven by high fees in the construction trades, Alabama's licensing fees average $328, which is exceeded only by four states. Alabama could improve its burden ranking by moderating these fees. Moreover, Alabama could ease entry into occupations by, at the least, trimming education and experience requirements. For instance, makeup artists in Alabama must complete 280 days of training versus a national average 138, and auctioneers must complete 385 days versus a national average of 100.

(Last updated May 1, 2012)

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher 49 $92 1,825 2 0 0
2 Athletic Trainer 46 $535 1,460 3 0 0
3 Midwife 29 $285 730 1 12 0
4 Veterinary Technologist 37 $160 730 2 0 18
5 Earth Driller 47 $200 730 1 0 0
6 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 $315 700 1 0 0
7 Cosmetologist 51 $275 350 2 10 16
8 Auctioneer 33 $350 385 2 0 19
9 Skin Care Specialist 50 $135 280 2 10 16
9 Makeup Artist 36 $135 280 2 10 16
11 Pest Control Applicator 51 $125 365 1 0 0
12 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 $50 365 1 0 0
13 Massage Therapist 39 $185 152 1 0 18
14 Manicurist 50 $135 163 2 0 0
15 Sign Language Interpreter 16 $695 2 3 12 0
16 School Bus Driver 51 $69 2 6 0 21
17 Cathodic Protection Tester 16 $1,500 8 2 0 0
18 Pharmacy Technician 12 $150 0 0 12 18
19 Child Care Worker 33 $0 5 0 12 19
20 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 $69 0 5 0 18
21 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $80 42 2 0 18
22 Truck Driver 51 $69 0 4 0 18
23 Teacher Assistant 29 $50 0 1 12 0
24 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Pipelayer Contractor 29 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Door Repair Contractor 35 $592 0 2 0 0
24 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 $592 0 2 0 0
38 Mobile Home Installer 39 $530 2 1 0 0
39 Bartender 13 $0 1 0 0 21
40 Shampooer 5 $40 0 0 0 16
41 Locksmith 13 $168 0 1 0 0
42 Tree Trimmer 7 $75 0 1 0 0
43 Landscape Worker 10 $0 0 1 0 0
44 Fisher 41 $100 0 0 0 0
44 Fire Alarm Installer 34 $100 0 0 0 0
46 Weigher 24 $20 0 0 0 0
47 Animal Trainer 20 $5 0 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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