License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Truck Driver



Highlights

License required in 51 states
63rd most burdensome licensing requirements
11th most heavily regulated occupation

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Definition

Truck drivers drive a tractor-trailer combination or a large-capacity truck to transport and deliver goods, livestock or materials in liquid, loose or packaged form, and may be required to unload the truck.

Summary

All 50 states and the District of Columbia license truck drivers. Every jurisdiction requires four written and skills tests (or more if seeking
special certifications known as "endorsements") and a minimum age ranging from 16 to 21. Eight states require that applicants have previous driving experience in the form of possessing a driver's license for one or, in the case of West Virginia, two years. Two states, Washington and Virginia, instead require training of about eight days. The other 41 states have no experience or training requirement. Altogether, the requirements for truck drivers are the 63rd most burdensome among occupations studied. Because the occupation is universally licensed, it ranks as the 11th most widely and onerously licensed.

(Last updated May 1, 2012)

State Licensing Requirements

Burden RankStateFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 West Virginia $137 730 4 0 18
2 Oregon $155 365 4 0 18
3 Indiana $146 365 4 0 18
4 Idaho $142 365 4 0 18
5 Utah $100 365 4 0 18
6 Rhode Island $70 365 4 0 18
7 Delaware $30 365 4 0 18
8 Arizona $24 365 4 0 18
9 Washington, D.C. $156 0 4 0 21
10 Hawaii $125 0 4 0 21
11 Alaska $140 0 4 0 19
12 Washington $150 8 4 0 18
13 New Jersey $167 0 4 0 18
14 Massachusetts $155 0 4 0 18
15 Colorado $149 0 4 0 18
16 Nevada $144 0 4 0 18
17 Kentucky $125 0 4 0 18
18 Wisconsin $124 0 4 0 18
19 North Carolina $120 0 4 0 18
20 Ohio $119 0 4 0 18
21 Louisiana $116 0 4 0 18
21 Connecticut $116 0 4 0 18
23 Georgia $115 0 4 0 18
24 Illinois $110 0 4 0 18
25 Arkansas $92 0 4 0 18
25 Vermont $92 0 4 0 18
27 Maryland $90 0 4 0 18
28 Wyoming $85 0 4 0 18
29 Virginia $27 8 4 0 18
30 Florida $75 0 4 0 18
31 Alabama $69 0 4 0 18
32 Texas $61 0 4 0 18
33 New Hampshire $60 0 4 0 18
33 Michigan $60 0 4 0 18
35 Tennessee $54 0 4 0 18
36 Oklahoma $47 0 4 0 18
37 Pennsylvania $42 0 4 0 18
38 New York $40 0 4 0 18
39 California $34 0 4 0 18
40 Kansas $29 0 4 0 18
41 Nebraska $26 0 4 0 18
42 North Dakota $25 0 4 0 18
43 South Carolina $20 0 4 0 18
44 New Mexico $18 0 4 0 18
45 Iowa $16 0 4 0 18
46 Montana $9 0 4 0 18
47 Missouri $0 0 4 0 18
47 Minnesota $0 0 4 0 18
49 Mississippi $66 0 4 0 17
50 South Dakota $105 0 4 0 16
51 Maine $63 0 4 0 16

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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