License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Cross-connection Survey Inspector


License required in 4 states
19th most burdensome licensing requirements
88th most heavily regulated occupation

(Last updated April 24, 2012)


These practitioners inspect and trace pipes in facilities and check protection against backflow to ensure that there are no possible sources of contamination to potable water.


Four states require a license for cross-connection survey inspectors. While three of those states, Connecticut, Illinois and Wisconsin, require fairly short courses, Oregon limits the trade to licensed contractors. This results in education and experience requirements that take more than five years to complete, as well as two exams. Due to these heavy burdens in Oregon, the occupation ranks as the 19th most burdensome, but because it is licensed in so few states, it ranks as the 88th most widely and onerously licensed in this study.

(Last updated April 30, 2012)

State Licensing Requirements

Burden RankStateFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Oregon $415 1,834 2 12 18
2 Wisconsin $195 9 0 0 0
3 Connecticut $0 4 1 0 0
4 Illinois $0 7 0 0 0

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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