License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Emergency Medical Technician



Highlights

License required in 51 states
67th most burdensome licensing requirements
12th most heavily regulated occupation

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Definition

Emergency medical technicians, or EMTs, and paramedics assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, extricate trapped individuals and transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.

Summary

Every state and the District of Columbia require a license to work as an EMT. License requirements for EMTs vary slightly across states. Most states have a minimum age requirement of 18 (a couple of states allow those younger to be EMTs with parental consent), require one written and one practical exam and require about a month of education. Fees vary from zero to $205, and education and training varies from 140 days of internship and coursework in Alaska to no education or training in D.C. EMTs face the 67th most burdensome licensing requirements, but because EMTs are licensed everywhere, it ranks as the 12th most widely and onerously licensed occupation.

(Last updated April 30, 2012)

State Licensing Requirements

Burden RankStateFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Alaska $125 140 2 12 19
2 Hawaii $160 74 2 0 18
3 Arizona $70 53 2 12 18
4 Tennessee $118 46 2 12 18
5 Louisiana $100 41 2 12 18
6 Alabama $80 42 2 0 18
7 New Mexico $65 42 2 0 18
8 Rhode Island $180 37 2 0 18
9 Oklahoma $155 36 2 0 18
10 Kansas $50 35 2 12 18
11 Wyoming $70 37 2 0 18
12 New York $35 35 2 12 18
13 Texas $134 33 2 12 18
14 Indiana $70 34 2 12 18
15 North Carolina $0 39 2 12 0
16 Kentucky $105 32 2 12 18
17 Montana $100 31 2 12 18
18 Oregon $70 35 2 0 18
19 South Carolina $107 33 2 0 18
20 Ohio $70 30 2 12 18
21 Florida $75 34 1 12 18
22 Delaware $70 32 2 0 18
23 Georgia $95 31 2 0 18
24 Pennsylvania $0 33 2 0 16
25 Maryland $65 31 2 0 18
26 Connecticut $100 30 2 0 16
27 Utah $145 28 2 0 18
28 Mississippi $105 28 2 0 18
29 Maine $121 33 2 0 0
30 Wisconsin $70 28 2 0 18
31 Massachusetts $205 26 2 0 18
32 Minnesota $170 26 2 0 18
33 California $70 28 2 0 18
33 West Virginia $70 28 2 0 18
33 Arkansas $70 28 2 0 18
33 New Jersey $70 28 2 0 18
37 Nevada $176 26 2 0 18
38 Michigan $110 26 2 0 18
39 Virginia $0 28 2 0 18
40 Iowa $20 28 2 0 17
41 South Dakota $70 26 2 0 18
41 Idaho $70 26 2 0 18
41 Colorado $70 26 2 0 18
41 North Dakota $70 26 2 0 18
41 New Hampshire $70 26 2 0 18
41 Washington $70 26 2 0 18
47 Vermont $0 26 2 0 18
48 Missouri $70 23 2 0 18
49 Illinois $20 26 1 12 18
50 Nebraska $70 4 2 12 18
51 Washington, D.C. $70 0 2 0 18

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

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